Featured Pathways

More pathways

Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

More pathways

Book a demo

Pricing

Ready to get started?

Plans & Membership

Our Platform

Expert led content

+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

Learning analytics

Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

Interactive learning

Engage with our video hotspots and knowledge check-ins

Testing & certification

Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

Managed learning

Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

Integrations

Connect Finance Unlocked to your current platform

Featured Content

More featured content

Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

More featured content

Book a demo

Pricing

Ready to get started?

Featured Pathways

More pathways

Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

More pathways

Book a demo

Pricing

Ready to get started?

Plans & Membership

Our Platform

Expert led content

+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

Learning analytics

Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

Interactive learning

Engage with our video hotspots and knowledge check-ins

Testing & certification

Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

Managed learning

Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

Integrations

Connect Finance Unlocked to your current platform

Featured Content

More featured content

Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

More featured content

Book a demo

Pricing

Ready to get started?

Book a demo

Pricing

Ready to get started?

Development of Environmental Policy in the U.S.

Development of Environmental Policy in the U.S.

Wayne Mayer

30 years: Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility Executive

In this video, Wayne explains the evolution of sustainable development and its importance in modern business. He discusses how the United Nations and key environmental laws like NEPA, the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act have shaped sustainability practices. Wayne also explores the shift in corporate focus towards finance, outsourcing, and offshoring, and how businesses can leverage environmental regulations to innovate and gain competitive advantages.

In this video, Wayne explains the evolution of sustainable development and its importance in modern business. He discusses how the United Nations and key environmental laws like NEPA, the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act have shaped sustainability practices. Wayne also explores the shift in corporate focus towards finance, outsourcing, and offshoring, and how businesses can leverage environmental regulations to innovate and gain competitive advantages.

Subscribe to watch

Access this and all of the content on our platform by signing up for a 7-day free trial.

Development of Environmental Policy in the U.S.

10 mins 34 secs

Overview

In the 1980s, the United Nations aimed to balance economic development across the three pillars of Sustainable Development: Social, Environmental, and Economic. Simultaneously, corporations began prioritizing finance, outsourcing, and offshoring, leading to a growing disconnect between economic growth and development. This trend stems from economist Milton Friedman’s 1970 argument that a business’s primary responsibility is profit maximization. Despite this corporate shift, significant environmental legislation emerged, influenced by events like the 1969 Cuyahoga River fire. Landmark laws such as NEPA, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act established frameworks for environmental protection. These regulations now guide pollution control, greenhouse gas regulation, and sustainable practices, influencing both business strategies and societal interactions.

Key learning objectives:

  • Understand the concept of sustainable development

  • Outline the shift in corporate focus towards finance, outsourcing, and offshoring, and its impact on economic development

  • Understand key environmental laws such as NEPA, the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Endangered Species Act, and CITES

Subscribe to watch

Access this and all of the content on our platform by signing up for a 7-day free trial.

Summary
What is sustainable development and why did it emerge? 

Sustainable Development, defined in the 1987 Brundtland Report, means “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” This concept emerged from the United Nations’ efforts to balance economic growth, social equity, and environmental protection. It emphasizes long-term thinking and responsibility, ensuring that current actions do not jeopardize future generations' ability to thrive. The report laid the foundation for modern sustainability practices and principles, highlighting the interconnectedness of economic, social, and environmental dimensions.


How did economic development and corporate practices evolve in relation to Sustainable Development?

In the 1970s and 1980s, corporate practices diverged from the principles of Sustainable Development. Milton Friedman’s 1970 article posited that a business's sole responsibility was to increase profits, neglecting broader social and environmental concerns. Concurrently, economic development emphasized finance, outsourcing, and offshoring, further widening the gap between economic growth and sustainable practices. This period also saw the rise of environmental legislation aimed at balancing economic development with environmental protection, laying the groundwork for the integration of sustainability into corporate strategies.


What are the foundational U.S. environmental regulations, and how did they come into being?

Key U.S. environmental regulations include the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act. NEPA, established in 1969, mandates federal agencies to assess environmental impacts before proceeding with projects. The Clean Air Act of 1970 sets standards for air quality and pollutant emissions, while the Clean Water Act of 1972 regulates water pollutants and promotes watershed-based planning. These laws emerged in response to environmental crises and public demand for stronger protections, forming the backbone of U.S. environmental policy and enforcement.


How do environmental regulations impact businesses and their strategies?

Environmental regulations like NEPA, the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act require businesses to consider and mitigate their environmental impact, prompting more sustainable practices. These laws necessitate compliance with pollution limits, environmental impact assessments, and public involvement, which can initially seem restrictive. However, savvy companies use these regulations to innovate, turning compliance into opportunities for cost reduction, risk management, and enhanced brand value. By integrating sustainable practices, businesses not only meet regulatory requirements but also gain competitive advantages and drive profitability.

Subscribe to watch

Access this and all of the content on our platform by signing up for a 7-day free trial.

Wayne Mayer

Wayne Mayer

Wayne Mayer, a Strategic Sustainability consultant and CEO of When Everything Matters, advises multinational companies and non-governmental organizations on various Sustainability and ESG issues. He helps companies transform business models into sustainable development partnerships, using Sustainability principles and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices to drive innovation, growth, and profits. With over 20 years of experience, Wayne has worked as a change agent focused on Environmental, Social, and Governance performance. He helps companies set science-based goals and leverage data and technology to measure, monitor, and communicate ESG risks, impacts, and opportunities.

There are no available videos from "Wayne Mayer"