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Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

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Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

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Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

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Application of GEOVOL and CRISK to Climate Policy

Application of GEOVOL and CRISK to Climate Policy

Misa Tanaka

Head of Research: Bank of England

The GEOVOL and CRISK concepts are very relevant for thinking about climate policies. Some of the results are a bit counterintuitive in that flash crash of August 2015 has a bigger impact on GEOVol than global financial crisis. Climate-related policy events, or weather-related events do not rank high in the top GEOvolatility events.

The GEOVOL and CRISK concepts are very relevant for thinking about climate policies. Some of the results are a bit counterintuitive in that flash crash of August 2015 has a bigger impact on GEOVol than global financial crisis. Climate-related policy events, or weather-related events do not rank high in the top GEOvolatility events.

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Application of GEOVOL and CRISK to Climate Policy

7 mins 9 secs

Key learning objectives:

  • Understand the concept of GEOVOL

  • Understand the concept of CRISK

Overview:

GEOVOL is a measure that captures the common variation in the innovation of volatility of assets. It has been monitored and measured by using the daily closing prices of up to 47 country ETFs.

CRISK is the expected capital shortfalls under climate stress risk. It is computed by calculating climate betas for large global banks, this is meant to capture the sensitivity of the equity prices of the existence of the excess returns of stranded asset portfolios.

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Summary

What is GEOVOL, what are its associated advantages and what could it be used for?

GEOVOL is a measure that captures the common variation in the innovation of volatility of assets. It has been monitored and measured by using the daily closing prices of up to 47 countries' ETFs. 

The main advantage of this measure is that it only needs asset prices to compute, therefore it is very simple to compute. 

Further considerations: 

Can GEOVOL be interpreted as a measure of geopolitical risk or is it more of a measure of unspecified common shocks, the volatility of multiple assets?

If this is a measure of unspecified common shocks, the volatility of multiple assets, is there an application to measuring climate-related systemic risk?

What is CRISK, what are its associated advantages and what could it be used for?

CRISK is the expected capital shortfalls under climate stress risk. It is computed by calculating climate betas for large global banks, this is meant to capture the sensitivity of the equity prices of the existence of the excess returns of stranded asset portfolios. 

The benefit of using this approach to calculate the capital shortfalls of banks is that it only requires equity prices and basic balance sheet data from the banks. 

Further considerations:

  1. Can we interpret climate betas as capturing banks' exposure to transition risks?
  2. Is CRISK a measure of bank capital shortfalls that regulators can use to inform the calibration of their tools, e.g. capital requirements?

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Misa Tanaka

Misa Tanaka

Misa Tanaka is the Head of Research at the Bank of England, a position she has held since 2018. Misa joined the Bank of England in 2002 following the completion of her D. Phil in Economics at the University of Oxford. She has published articles on the likes of international policy spillovers, bonus regulations and sovereign debt finance. Misa’s current research interests include prudential policies and the impact of climate change on the financial system.

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