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Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

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Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

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Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

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Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

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Connect Finance Unlocked to your current platform

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More featured content

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In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

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IFRS 16 Background

IFRS 16 Background

Saket Modi

20 years: Chartered accountant & educator

The main impact of IFRS 16 Leases is on lessee accounting. Saket explains the extent of this impact in terms of comparing it to IAS 17 Leases, the accounting model and the performance metrics.

The main impact of IFRS 16 Leases is on lessee accounting. Saket explains the extent of this impact in terms of comparing it to IAS 17 Leases, the accounting model and the performance metrics.

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IFRS 16 Background

2 mins 51 secs

Overview

The main impact of IFRS 16 Leases on lessee accounting. Whilst the impact on lessor accounting is minimal, there are additional disclosure requirements. The transition to IFRS 16 primarily affects financial and performance metrics, for example, EBITDA and financing cash flows. Two main methods can be utilised in transition, these are the modified and full retrospective approaches.

Key learning objectives:

  • Outline the requirements of IAS 17

  • Learn how IFRS 16 differ from IAS 17

  • Understand the impact of transition to IFRS 16 Leases

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Summary

When is IFRS 16 Leases effective?

  • Effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019
  • Replaces IAS 17 Leases

What are the requirements of IAS 17?

  • Requires a lessee to classify leases into finance and operating leases
  • Operating lease accounting requires the lessee to recognise only rental expense in the income statement and no asset or liability even though there is a right-to-use asset and obligation to pay rentals
  • This leads to a misleading impression of the lessee’s leverage and assets in use

How does IFRS 16 differ from IAS 17?

  • IFRS 16 has introduced a single lease accounting model where all leases (except short-term leases and assets of low value) require recognition of the right-of-use asset and lease liability
  • For operating leases, a depreciation or amortisation charge and finance cost is recognised instead of rental expense in the income statement
  • This increases EBITDA
  • In the cash flow statement, under IAS 17, the entire rental expense would have been recognised as cash outflows from operating activities. Since the same cash payment is attributed to interest and liability repayment in IFRS 16, there is an increase in net cash flows from operating activities and a decrease in net cash flows from financing activities

What is the impact of transition to IFRS 16 Leases?

The transition to IFRS 16 has an impact on:

  1. Financial Ratios
  2. Performance Metrics - gearing, EBITDA, net income, earnings per share, return on capital employed, return on equity and operating and financing cash flows

What are the two approaches for transition to IFRS 16?

  1. Modified Retrospective Approach - Requires the cumulative effect of initial application to be recognised in retained earnings at the date of initial application with no restatement of comparatives
  2. Full Retrospective Approach - Requires restatement of the comparatives

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Saket Modi

Saket Modi

Saket is a financial trainer and consultant based out of London. He specialises in advanced accounting, financial reporting and financial analysis, particularly with regards to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) and Financial instruments.

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