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Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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Plans & Membership

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Expert led content

+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

Learning analytics

Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

Interactive learning

Engage with our video hotspots and knowledge check-ins

Testing & certification

Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

Managed learning

Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

Integrations

Connect Finance Unlocked to your current platform

Featured Content

More featured content

Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

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Quantitative Easing in the UK

Quantitative Easing in the UK

Tim Hall

30 years: Debt capital markets

In this video, Tim outlines the United Kingdom government’s response in the initial phase of the Great Recession and explains how the UK led the way in terms of addressing issues with its “too big to fail” banks.

In this video, Tim outlines the United Kingdom government’s response in the initial phase of the Great Recession and explains how the UK led the way in terms of addressing issues with its “too big to fail” banks.

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Quantitative Easing in the UK

5 mins 12 secs

Overview

The Bank of England’s collective monetary and fiscal policies, plus measures to restore confidence in the UK banking system, helped the UK economy recover from its severe downturn in 2009, and return to growth.

Key learning objectives:

  • Identify the UK’s initial policy responses to the financial crisis

  • Outline the three QE programmes introduced by the UK

  • Outline the success of the QE programmes

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Summary

How did the UK initially respond to the crisis using conventional monetary policy?

  • The Bank of England reduced the interbank borrowing rate six times in six months, from 5% in October 2008 to 0.5% in March 2009, the lowest level since 1694, when it was established.
  • The UK government established a bank bail-out scheme in October 2008, totalling £500 billion to purchase bad loans, and if needed, to recapitalise the largest banks in the UK

How did the UK respond to the BREXIT decision?

  • Following the decision to leave the EU, the Bank of England decreased the bank borrowing rate from 0.5% to 0.25% and announced a new round of QE as preventative measures to help the UK economy from falling into recession
  • The BOE reacted to slightly above-target inflation of 2% by raising rates for the first time in 10 years to 0.5% in Nov2017, and then to 0.75% in Aug2018. Hence, so far, during the post-referendum period, the UK has managed to avoid a recession

What did the first round of QE (QE1) consist of?

  • The first round was announced in March 2009
  • Involved the purchase of Gilts, and the amount was increased four times during the course of 2009, ultimately reaching £200 billion
  • The first round of QE officially ended in January 2010

What did the second round of QE (QE2) consist of?

  • The second round was announced in October 2011
  • The aim was to combat higher inflation, fears of a double-dip recession and the growing collateral effects from the Eurozone peripheral sovereign crisis
  • This round of QE totalled £175 billion
  • Focused on additional purchases of mainly Gilts in two phases that took place through November 2012

What did the third round of QE (QE3) consist of?

  • Third round began in August 2016
  • The aim was to combat fears of a recession following the surprise referendum result in June 2016 in favour of the UK leaving the EU
  • This round of QE totalled £60 billion of Gilts and £10 billion of corporate bonds
  • This was coupled with steps to support banks in the low-interest rate environment

What was the overall impact of the three programmes of QE?

  • At the end of September 2019, the Bank Of England’s balance sheet stood at £587 billion
  • GDP increased from its low of £1.5 trillion in recession-hit 2009 to £2.1 trillion in 2018.
  • Annual inflation was 1.7% in August 2019
  • Unemployment in the UK was 3.8% for the quarter ended July 2019

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Tim Hall

Tim Hall

Tim has nearly 30 years of experience in the international capital markets at major global institutions and has worked both on the buy-side and the sell-side. He has worked with numerous companies, banks and governments in developed and emerging markets on investment grade and high yield bond issues, from straight-forward to very complex acquisition/leveraged financings. Tim has also been on the board of a UK “challenger bank.” Tim has an MBA from the Wharton School, and is a CFA.

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