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This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

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Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

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Banking Essentials - Part I

This pathway will walk us through the basics of banks, starting with some of the different types and their main functions, then starting to look at the regulation faced by the banks, both before and after the Global Financial Crisis.

Greenwashing

Greenwashing is the act of distributing false information about something being more environmentally friendly than it actually is.

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Plans & Membership

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Expert led content

+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

Learning analytics

Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

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Engage with our video hotspots and knowledge check-ins

Testing & certification

Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

Managed learning

Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

Integrations

Connect Finance Unlocked to your current platform

Featured Content

More featured content

Tackling the Cost of Living Crisis

In this video, Max discusses the cost-of-living crisis currently enveloping the UK. He examines its impact on households as well as the overall economy.

CSR and Sustainability in Financial Services

In the first video of this two-part video series, Elisa introduces us to sustainability. She begins by looking at the difference between sustainability and corporate social responsibility, two terms that can be easily confused.

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What Does DCM Do at a Bank?

What Does DCM Do at a Bank?

Tim Hall

30 years: Debt capital markets

In this video, Tim gives an overview of the global bond market before going into the specifics of the DCM roles beyond assisting issuers to raise financing.

In this video, Tim gives an overview of the global bond market before going into the specifics of the DCM roles beyond assisting issuers to raise financing.

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What Does DCM Do at a Bank?

24 mins 35 secs

Key learning objectives:

  • Identify the role of a DCM at a bank and the good qualities they possess

  • Explain the differences between loans and bonds

  • Discuss the role of Credit Agencies

  • Define Private Placements and describe their function

Overview:

The role of DCM at a bank is to work with potential issuers who wish to raise financing in the international capital markets by issuing bonds. Globally, there are around $4-5 trillion new issues each year. Also, the total amount of bonds outstanding was nearly $103 trillion at the end of 2018.

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Summary

Who are the different issuers?

  1. The Public Sector (SSA) – this includes governments, agencies and supra-nationals, i.e. The World Bank or the European Union
  2. Financial Institutions – for example, banks
  3. Non-financial institutions – corporates

What is the DCMs focus, and how are they organised?

The DCM team is not involved in the secondary bond market (trading), but only in the primary, new issue business. The DCM sits in either a bank’s corporate coverage division or in a bank’s market division. DCM teams are organised by segment or geography. Geographically, the nucleus of a DCM team is located normally in centres such as New York, London, etc.

What are the differences between loans and bonds?

  • Bonds are Public Market instruments that are sold to a large number of investors though a publicly-available offering document. However, loans are sold privately, i.e. Syndicated loans (not publicly available)
  • Bonds typically have maturities of 3-10 yrs. The principal amount of a bond is due in its entirety at maturity date. Whereas for loans, the maturities are 3-7 yrs. The principal is repaid gradually over the life of a loan rather than in full at maturity
  • Bonds have a fixed rate of interest – the coupon payments do not change during the life of the bond. For loans, the Interest rate floats over a bank reference rate, i.e. LIBOR, so interest payments change during its life.
  • Bonds are rated by Major Global Rating Agencies whereas, loans are not rated
  • Bonds are traded in the secondary market. However, loans are mostly not

What is the process for issuing a bond?

The issuance process follows this order before reaching investors:

  1. Issuers/borrowers (corporates, governments, banks etc)
  2. Debt Capital Markets
  3. Bond Syndicate
  4. Fixed Income Sales Team
  5. Institutional Investors

How are bond issues assessed?

Bond issues are generally required to be rated. Each rating corresponds with a different level of risk.  Three of the most prominent rating agencies that issue bonds are Moody’s Investor Services, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings. These ratings agencies publish ratings on the specific bond issues.

When ratings are not aligned across different rating agencies, this is referred to as “split rating”.

The lowest investment grade rating is: BBB-/Baa3/BBB-, and the highest non-investment grade rating, or “junk” is: BB+/Ba1/BB+.

What are Private Placements, and how do the EU/US differ?

Although the large majority are offered broadly, there is a relatively small amount of public bonds that are issued privately, generally focusing on one investor or a very small group of like-minded investors.

Private Placement (EU) – An issue placed pursuant to publicly-available documentation that many high-tier frequent issuers keep current via regular updates. The umbrella programme is referred to as Euro Medium Term Note (EMTN). This allows issuance in much smaller sizes and on a quicker basis.

Private Placement (US) - This market involves companies issuing bonds privately to a group of insurance companies, for “buy & hold” to maturity purposes.

Unlike EMTN private placements, US private placements are not underwritten or publicly rated.

What are the key factors influencing the choice of lead manager?

  • The amount that a bank is lending to a company
  • Ensuring rotation, that all of their key banking relationships get bond mandates from time to time

What are qualities of a good DCM banker?

  • Knowledgeable about the bond market
  • Comfortable speaking with and pitching to potential issuers
  • Good negotiation skills

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Tim Hall

Tim Hall

Tim has nearly 30 years of experience in the international capital markets at major global institutions and has worked both on the buy-side and the sell-side. He has worked with numerous companies, banks and governments in developed and emerging markets on investment grade and high yield bond issues, from straight-forward to very complex acquisition/leveraged financings. Tim has also been on the board of a UK “challenger bank.” Tim has an MBA from the Wharton School, and is a CFA.

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